Integrated Publishing Toolkit(IPT)

free and open access to biodiversity data

EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds

Latest version published by European Bird Census Council (EBCC) on Jan 14, 2016 European Bird Census Council (EBCC)

In 1997 the EBCC Atlas of European breeding birds, also referred to as European Ornithological Atlas or 'EOA', was published. This voluminous book was the result of more than 25 years of fieldwork, cooperation, data gathering, data processing, writing and editing. Next to a beautiful book the data in the maps provides countless possibilities fur further studies on the distribution of the European breeding birds.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1,339,711 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 1,339,711 records in English (67 MB) - Update frequency: not planned
Metadata as an EML file download in English (8 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (8 KB)


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

E J M Hagemeijer and M J Blair (Editors). 1997. The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds: Their Distribution and Abundance. T & A D Poyser, London.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is European Bird Census Council (EBCC). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: c779b049-28f3-4daf-bbf4-0a40830819b6.  European Bird Census Council (EBCC) publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Netherlands Biodiversity Information Facility.


Occurrence; Breeding Birds; Europe; Observation; Breeding Birds; Europe


Who created the resource:

Ward Hagemeyer
Michael Blair

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Willy-Bas Loos
SOVON Toernooiveld 1 6525 ED Nijmegen Gelderland NL +31247410410

Who filled in the metadata:

Willy-Bas Loos
SOVON Dutch Center for Field Ornithology Toernooiveld 1 6525 ED Nijmegen +31 247410410

Who else was associated with the resource:

Ruud Foppen
EBCC P.O. Box 6521 6503 GA Nijmegen

Geographic Coverage

For defining the area of intended coverage, this atlas uses the base map of "Atlas Florae Europaeae" (Jalas & Suominen 1972, 1988) except that it includes Novaya Zembla, Franz Josef Land, all the Greek islands close to mainland Turkey, the Madeiran archipelago, the Azores, the Stavropol region of south-western Russia and the Caucasus republics.

Bounding Coordinates South West [31.6, -32.5], North East [82.5, 73.2]

Taxonomic Coverage

All birds

Class  Aves (Birds)

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1972-01-01 / 1995-12-31

Sampling Methods

In some countries, fieldwork for this Atlas and their national atlas was combined; in others data from an independent national atlas project were used to provide dfata for this Atlas. Methods used in the field ranged from single visits to systematic surveys based on point- or line-transects or territory mapping on plots.

Study Extent Europe, 1972-1995. Data collection periods vary per country but all lie in the mentioned period. Hundreds of thousands, perhaps more than a million, hours of fieldwork are the basis of this Atlas.
Quality Control It was planned that Atlas fieldwork should take place during 1985-1988. Nations organized their own fieldwork, however, and because of practical difficulties could not all meet that timescale. Where coverage was incomplete for the survey period, earlier or later data were evaluated to determine whether coverage or quality could be improved by including them.

Method step description:

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Bibliographic Citations

  1. E J M Hagemeijer and M J Blair (Editors). 1997. The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds: Their Distribution and Abundance. T & A D Poyser, London.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers c779b049-28f3-4daf-bbf4-0a40830819b6